Abstract Background Carbonic anhydrase related proteins (CARPs) VIII, X and XI functionally differ from the other carbonic anhydrase (CA) enzymes. Structurally, they lack the zinc binding residues, which are important for enzyme activity of classical CAs. The distribution pattern of the CARPs in fetal brain implies their role in brain development. In the adult brain, CARPs are mainly expressed in the neuron bodies but only weaker reactivity has been found in the astrocytes and oligodendrocytes. Altered expression patterns of CARPs VIII and XI have been linked to cancers outside the central nervous system. There are no reports on CARPs in human astrocytomas or oligodendroglial tumors. We wanted to assess the expression of CARPs VIII and XI in these tumors and study their association to different clinicopathological features and tumor-associated CAs II, IX and XII. Methods The tumor material for this study was obtained from surgical patients treated at the Tampere University Hospital in 1983â 2009. CARP VIII staining was analyzed in 391 grade I-IV gliomas and CARP XI in 405 gliomas. Results CARP VIII immunopositivity was observed in 13% of the astrocytomas and in 9% of the oligodendrogliomas. Positive CARP XI immunostaining was observed in 7% of the astrocytic and in 1% of the oligodendroglial tumor specimens. In our study, the most benign tumors, pilocytic astrocytomas, did not express CARPs at all. In WHO grade II-IV astrocytomas, CARPs were associated with molecular events related to more benign behavior, which was the case with CARP VIII in oligodendrogliomas and oligoastrocytomas as well. Conclusions The study observations suggest that the CARPs play a role in tumorigenesis of diffusively infiltrating gliomas. Furthermore, the molecular mechanisms beneath the cancer promoting qualities of CARPs have not yet been discovered. Thus, more studies concerning role of CARPs in oncogenesis are needed.
|Date made available||23 May 2018|