Long-term health and treatment outcomes in adult coeliac disease patients diagnosed by screening in childhood

  • Laura Kivelä (Creator)
  • Alina Popp (Creator)
  • Taina Arvola (University of Tampere, Hospital District of Kanta-Häme) (Creator)
  • Heini Huhtala (Creator)
  • Katri Kaukinen (University of Tampere) (Creator)
  • Kalle Kurppa (University of Tampere) (Creator)



BackgroundThe diagnostic yield of coeliac disease could be improved by screening in at-risk groups, but long-term benefits of this approach are obscure.ObjectiveTo investigate health, quality of life and dietary adherence in adult coeliac patients diagnosed in childhood by screening.MethodsAfter thorough evaluation of medical history, follow-up questionnaires were sent to 559 adults with a childhood coeliac disease diagnosis. The results were compared between screen-detected and clinically-detected patients, and also between originally asymptomatic and symptomatic screen-detected patients.ResultsIn total, 236 (42%) patients completed the questionnaires a median of 18.5 years after childhood diagnosis. Screen-detected patients (n = 48) had coeliac disease in the family and type 1 diabetes more often, and were less often smokers and members of coeliac societies compared to clinically-detected patients, whereas the groups did not differ in current self-experienced health or health concerns, quality of life or dietary adherence. Screen-detected, originally asymptomatic patients had more anxiety than those presenting with symptoms, whereas the subgroups were comparable in other current characteristics.ConclusionComparable long-term outcomes between screen-detected and clinically-detected patients support risk-group screening for coeliac disease. However, asymptomatic patients may require special attention.
Date made available17 May 2018

Field of science, Statistics Finland

  • 3121 Internal medicine
  • 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health

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