3D and 4D printing in dentistry and maxillofacial surgery: Printing techniques, materials, and applications

Danial Khorsandi, Amir Fahimipour, Payam Abasian, Sepehr Sadeghpour Saber, Mahla Seyedi, Sonya Ghanavati, Amir Ahmad, Andrea Amoretti De Stephanis, Fatemeh Taghavinezhaddilami, Anna Leonova, Reza Mohammadinejad, Majid Shabani, Barbara Mazzolai, Virgilio Mattoli, Franklin R. Tay, Pooyan Makvandi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


3D and 4D printing are cutting-edge technologies for precise and expedited manufacturing of objects ranging from plastic to metal. Recent advances in 3D and 4D printing technologies in dentistry and maxillofacial surgery enable dentists to custom design and print surgical drill guides, temporary and permanent crowns and bridges, orthodontic appliances and orthotics, implants, mouthguards for drug delivery. In the present review, different 3D printing technologies available for use in dentistry are highlighted together with a critique on the materials available for printing. Recent reports of the application of these printed platformed are highlighted to enable readers appreciate the progress in 3D/4D printing in dentistry.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Biomaterialia
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 26 Dec 2020
Publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


  • 3D printing
  • 4D printing
  • dental applications
  • dental devices
  • dentistry
  • maxillofacial surgery

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Molecular Biology


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