3D Continuum Modelling of PDC Cutting of Rock with a Simple Contact-Erosion Scheme

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This paper presents a relatively simple numerical approach to predict the cutting force during PDC (polycrystalline diamond contact) cutting of rock. The rock failure model is based on a damage-viscoplasticity model, with the Drucker–Prager yield surface and the modified Rankine surface as the tensile cut-off. The damage part of the model has separate scalar damage variables
for tension and compression. The PDC cutter is idealized to a rigid surface and its interaction with the rock is modelled by contact mechanics, while solving the global equations of motion explicitly in time. A damage-based erosion criterion is applied, to remove the contact nodes surrounded by heavily damaged elements. The eroded elements are left in the mesh as ghost elements that do not contribute to the load transfer but preserve the mass conservation. Numerical simulations on granite, demonstrate that the method reliably predicts the cutting force of a single PDC cutter at different cutting depths and rake angles.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3219
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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