A client-centered approach in home care for older persons: an integrative review

Päivi Sanerma, Sari Miettinen, Eija Paavilainen, Päivi Åstedt-Kurki

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)
72 Downloads (Pure)


Objective: To describe and synthesize client-centered care and service in home care for older persons. Methods: The study was an integrative review using the guidelines for literature reviews by the Joanna Briggs Institute. The research process followed the Whittemore and Knafl framework and PRISMA toolkit in the selection of eligible articles. The CINAHL, Medline, Scopus, Web of Science and Social Sciences abstracts were searched for articles published between January 2007 and May 2020 according to previously designed search strategies. In total, 24 articles were deemed relevant for an analysis using a thematic analysis. Results: The analysis resulted in four themes with sub-themes which revealed that client-centered care and service in home care consist of: 1) Clients’ involvement in their own care; self-care, decision-making, satisfactory daily life, 2) Family members’ and care partners’ participation in care; family members’ and care partners’ commitment to care, family members’ and care partners’ competence in care, 3) Communication and co-operation; communication models, empowerment, partnership, and 4) Evidence-based service competence; delivery and organization of services, implementation of services, versatile clinical skills, quality outcomes and personnel wellbeing. Conclusions: According to the results, achieving client-centered care and service in home care requires the realization of all of the above aspects. The practice of nursing must better identify all dimensions of client-centered care and take these into account in the delivery of home care services.KEY POINTS Client-centeredness is a fundamental value and the basis of nursing and care in home care provided for older persons This paper: deepens and structures the concept of client-centered care in the context of home care. assists professionals to understand the factors behind client-centered care within the home care environment. provides deeper understanding of the roles of the older person, family members, and the service system in developing client-centered services in home care for older persons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-380
JournalScandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


  • Client-centered care
  • evidence-based nursing
  • home care
  • home services
  • older person

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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