A cluster approach for modelling of surface characteristics of stannic oxide

Tuomo S. Rantala, Vilho Lantto, Tapio T. Rantala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


An ab initio cluster approach (LDA-SCF) is used to study the electronic structure of the SnO2 (110)-1 × 1 surface without any relaxation and reconstruction. Modelling is made for the ideal nonpolar surface and also for surfaces containing different kinds of oxygen vacancies, foreign impurities and adsorbates. Computations are based on the linear combination of atomic orbitals (LCAO), which allows the population analysis through projection of the molecular orbitals onto the atomic basis set. This is used to trace the atomic character of the cluster levels. A cluster with 103 atoms Sn32O71 is used to model the ideal SnO2 (110) surface, the most stable and thus the dominant crystallite face of the polycrystalline SnO2, and the next few bulk layers. The results here refer to both the ideal nonpolar (110) surface and some oxygen-deficient polar (110) surfaces. Chromium and NO are taken as examples of impurity atoms and adsorbate molecules, respectively. Based on the results we are able to suggest an explanation for the observed strong decrease of conductivity of SnO2 polycrystalline films and the enhanced adsorption and dissociation of NO on the SnO2 surface due to adding of chromium impurities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-255
Number of pages4
JournalPhysica Scripta
Issue numberT54
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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