Fracture modes I and II interact in mixed-mode loading conditions, and the interaction is typically taken into account using a mixed-mode fracture criterion. In this work, a concept for defining the criterion is developed through an experimental-numerical simulation analysis. The mixed-mode behaviour for the criterion is tested and analysed with a single specimen design. The design of the specimen simplifies the measurement when complex test arrangements and preparations for various specimen geometries are excluded in practice. Here, the mixed-mode fracture behaviour of the specimen is analysed in detail using digital image correlation (DIC). The DIC data are used in collaboration with a finite element–based crack onset analysis, including the virtual crack closure technique, in order to consider the typical simplifications and their effects on the mixed-mode criterion. As a benchmark case, the fracture criterion is determined for an epoxy film adhesive FM 300-2 using the developed approach. The developed approach was shown to be feasible and effective for defining the mixed-mode fracture criterion. The determined Power law criterion’s exponents were below unity, which points out that the common (presumed) exponent values in the current literature are actually unconservative.
- mixed-mode testing
- virtual crack closure technique
- digital image correlation
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