A novel highly-sensitive antenna-based "smart skin" gas sensor utilizing carbon nanotubes and inkjet printing

H. Lee, K. Naishadham, M. M. Tentzeris, G. Shaker

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

    22 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have attractive features for implementation in wireless sensor nodes due to their small size, light weight and low power requirements, and their ability to be functionalized with conductive polymers for the electronic detection of a range of chemical and biological agents. In this paper, we present a single-walled CNT sensor for gas detection that is printed on paper substrate and integrated with a co-planar RF antenna for potential application as a light-weight wireless sensor node. The CNT thin-film loads the antenna and changes its resonant frequency upon exposure to the gas, the resonant frequency shift then being used as a discriminator for the gas detection in trace quantities. Measurements of a CNT-based sensor when exposed to low levels of ammonia reveal a resonance frequency shift of 300 MHz for a patch antenna centered around 6 GHz. To the authors' knowledge, this is the highest frequency shift reported in literature.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication2011 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation - Proceedings
    Pages1593-1596
    Number of pages4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011
    Publication typeA4 Article in conference proceedings
    Event2011 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, APSURSI 2011 - Spokane, WA, United States
    Duration: 3 Jul 20118 Jul 2011

    Conference

    Conference2011 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, APSURSI 2011
    Country/TerritoryUnited States
    CitySpokane, WA
    Period3/07/118/07/11

    Keywords

    • Carbon Nanotubes
    • Chemical Sensing
    • Gas Sensors
    • Power Scavenging
    • Smart Skin
    • Wireless Sensor Node

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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