A Survey on Wearable Technology: History, State-of-the-Art and Current Challenges

Aleksandr Ometov, Viktoriia Shubina, Lucie Klus, Justyna Skibińska, Salwa Saafi, Pavel Pascacio, Laura Flueratoru, Darwin Quezada Gaibor, Nadezhda Chukhno, Olga Chukhno, Asad Ali, Asma Channa, Ekaterina Svertoka, Waleed Bin Qaim, Raúl Casanova-Marqués, Sylvia Holcer, Joaquín Torres-Sospedra, Sven Casteleyn, Giuseppe Ruggeri, Giuseppe AranitiRadim Burget, Jiri Hosek, Elena Simona Lohan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
791 Downloads (Pure)


Technology is continually undergoing a constituent development caused by the appearance of billions new interconnected “things” and their entrenchment in our daily lives. One of the underlying versatile technologies, namely wearables, is able to capture rich contextual information produced by such devices and use it to deliver a legitimately personalized experience. The main aim of this paper is to shed light on the history of wearable devices and provide a state-of-the-art review on the wearable market. Moreover, the paper provides an extensive and diverse classification of wearables, based on various factors, a discussion on wireless communication technologies, architectures, data processing aspects, and market status, as well as a variety of other actual information on wearable technology. Finally, the survey highlights the critical challenges and existing/future solutions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number108074
Number of pages37
JournalComputer Networks
Publication statusPublished - 8 Apr 2021
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • classification
  • communications
  • Data processing
  • Future perspective
  • Interoperability
  • Localization
  • Privacy
  • Security
  • Standardization
  • User adoption
  • Wearables

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 2


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