Slippery, liquid-infused porous surfaces (SLIPSs) are nature inspired surfaces that are designed to repel liquid and solid materials. These surfaces have been shown to pose anti-icing properties, which broadens the available end-uses from the chemical industry to arctic transportation and energy production. The method behind repellency of SLIPSs relies on preventing outside liquids from penetrating the surface structure to the Wenzel state. Instead, the slippery liquid within the porous solid supports the Cassie-Baxter state (instead of air, here the porous structure is filled with lubricant), where the reduced area of the porous solid surface is available to interact with the liquid or ice to be repelled. The difference between Wenzel and Cassie-Baxter states is illustrated in Figure 1. This phenomenon is exploited in many superhydrophobic surfaces where an air cushion is entrapped within the porous solid surface. As a result, spherical water drops easily roll off the surface (and have static contact angles larger than 150°).
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