Agronomic characteristics of five different urban waste digestates

Elina Tampio, Tapio Salo, Jukka Rintala

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    60 Citations (Scopus)


    The use of digestate in agriculture is an efficient way to recycle materials and to decrease the use of mineral fertilizers. The agronomic characteristics of the digestates can promote plant growth and soil properties after digestate fertilization but also harmful effects can arise due to digestate quality, e.g. pH, organic matter and heavy metal content. The objective of this study was to evaluate the differences and similarities in agronomic characteristics and the value of five urban waste digestates from different biogas plants treating either food waste, organic fraction of organic solid waste or a mixture of waste-activated sludge and vegetable waste. The digestate agronomic characteristics were studied with chemical analyses and the availability of nutrients was also assessed with growth experiments and soil mineralization tests. All studied urban digestates produced 5-30% higher ryegrass yields compared to a control mineral fertilizer with a similar inorganic nitrogen concentration, while the feedstock source affected the agronomic value. Food waste and organic fraction of municipal solid waste digestates were characterized by high agronomic value due to the availability of nutrients and low heavy metal load. Waste-activated sludge as part of the feedstock mixture, however, increased the heavy metal content and reduced nitrogen availability to the plant, thus reducing the fertilizer value of the digestate.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)293-302
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Environmental Management
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2016
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Anaerobic digestion
    • Digestate
    • Fertilizer value
    • Heavy metals
    • Nutrients
    • Plant growth

    Publication forum classification

    • Publication forum level 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Environmental Engineering
    • Waste Management and Disposal
    • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


    Dive into the research topics of 'Agronomic characteristics of five different urban waste digestates'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this