Air-Induced PIM Cancellation in FDD MIMO Transceivers

Vesa Lampu, Lauri Anttila, Matias Turunen, Marko Fleischer, Jan Hellmann, Mikko Valkama

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In this letter, air-induced passive intermodulation (PIM) modeling and cancellation schemes are presented in a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) frequency-division duplexing (FDD) transceiver context. PIM is distortion generated by nonlinear passive devices either within the transmitter chain or outside the transceiver system, as is the case in air-induced PIM. In FDD systems, the PIM products may lie on the receiver band, thus possibly desensitizing the receiver chain. Unlike previous PIM cancellation works, we consider a challenging rank-2 dual-carrier MIMO transceiver scenario, with two spatially multiplexed signals per component carrier (CC). Stemming from the PIM modeling, we first present a cancellation method based on a complete set of identified basis functions (BFs). Additionally, to relax the processing complexity, we propose an alternative canceller solution with a reduced number of BFs, inspired by the problem modeling. RF measurements conducted with real-life equipment indicate favorable PIM suppression levels of up to 20 dB using both introduced techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)780-783
JournalIEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • 5G
  • 5G mobile communication
  • Atmospheric modeling
  • carrier aggregation (CA)
  • Computational modeling
  • Context modeling
  • duplexing
  • interference cancellation
  • MIMO communication
  • nonlinear systems
  • passive intermodulation (PIM).
  • Radio frequency
  • Transceivers

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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