Analysis of Frequency Adjustable Control of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor for Pump-controlled Actuators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Recently the pump-controlled system has actively been proposed as a replacement for conventional valve-controlled systems, to improve the energy efficiency in non-road mobile machinery. Earlier research demonstrated that a pump-controlled hydraulic system combines the best properties of traditional hydraulics and electric intelligence. This pump-controlled system can be realized via direct control of hydraulic pimp/motor by varying speed of electric motor without complex servo valves. Nowadays, a wide range of different electric motors is known and available with efficiency higher than 95% One of the most attractive option of electric motor is Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM) due to its size, power, and high efficiency. However, control of electric motors in pump-controlled systems has are not yet considered and not well researched. In this paper, the main objective of this investigation is determination of control values for the pump-controlled actuator and analysis of system’s behavior in different applications. Therefore, model of PMSM drive with pump-emulated load is proposed. Field Oriented Control (FOC) gives wide range of the speed regulation and smooth characteristics, but tuning of controllers is challenging. Case of the steering-modeled load represented that such operations need more power than other modes. More complex frequency converters allow to reach higher level of accuracy and decrease torque ripples, but complexity of such systems increases rapidly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-140
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Fluid Power
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • direct driven hydraulics
  • energy consumption
  • field oriented control (FOC)
  • permanent magnet synchronous motor
  • pump-controlled actuators
  • Zonal hydraulics

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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