Antibodies to recombinant HIV-1 nef protein detected in HIV-1 infection as well as in nonrisk individuals

A Ranki, K Järvinen, S L Valle, P Nurmilaakso, K Krohn

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    19 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) regulatory gene nef (negative factor) product are claimed to be characteristic of early and latent HIV infection. We looked for anti-nef antibodies in individuals infected with HIV or at risk for HIV, in blood donors, and in patients with diverse dermatological disorders. In HIV-infected patients, antibodies to recombinant nef protein were seen by Western blot assay in 29 of 54 (54%) individuals at any time during a prospective follow-up. Except for a decline in the level prior to ARC and AIDS, the occurrence of antibodies did not significantly correlate with any pattern of disease progression in 22 patients followed for up to 4 years. Among the 141 HIV risk group members, negative in recombinant HIV ELISA tests, anti-nef antibodies were detected in 7 (5%) individuals. However, an anti-nef antibody response was also seen in 5 of 93 (5%) nonrisk dermatological patients and in 4 of 37 (11%) healthy blood donors. Solitary HIV gag protein antibody responses were most frequent (7%) in the group of individuals at risk for HIV but the majority of anti-nef positive sera did not react with HIV gag proteins. The relatively frequent occurrence of indistinguishable anti-nef antibody responses in nonrisk individuals suggests that immunological cross-reaction between nef and some cellular regulatory protein may occur.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)348-55
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes
    Volume3
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 1990
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Keywords

    • Female
    • Gene Products, nef/immunology
    • HIV Antibodies/analysis
    • HIV Infections/immunology
    • HIV Seropositivity/immunology
    • HIV-1/immunology
    • Humans
    • Male
    • Prospective Studies
    • Recombinant Proteins/immunology
    • Viral Regulatory and Accessory Proteins/immunology
    • nef Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus

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