Assembling educational standards: following the actors of the CEFR-J project

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This study deploys Actor-Network Theory (ANT) to understand how educational standards take shape. To exemplify the inherently collective nature of standards and contingency in the process of standardisation, this study will present a case of the CEFR-J project launched by a group of Japanese university academics to modify the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) for English-language teaching and learning in Japan. Drawing on documentary materials and in-depth interviews, I will describe how the CEFR has become a standard for English-language teaching in Japan while various actors were brought together through the CEFR-J project.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Feb 2022
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Actor-Network Theory (ANT)
  • CEFR
  • Japan
  • policy transfer
  • Standardisation
  • standards

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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