Assessing supply chain resilience to the outbreak of COVID-19 in Indian manufacturing firms

Gaurav Kumar Badhotiya, Gunjan Soni, Vipul Jain, Rohit Joshi, Sameer Mittal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


As the world has seen the impact of COVID-19, development of resilient supply chain strategies has emerged as top priority. The inconsistent demands, product consumption and the shorter lifecycle of products during the pandemic needs appropriate planning and designing to make the supply chain more resilient. In this study, an analytical model is proposed to assess the resilience of supply chain to overcome the effect of the disruption impacts. The supply chain risks will depend on the nature of the business and therefore, besides literature review on supply chain resilience the inputs from experts were required. The interdependency among the indicators was analysed by employing Interpretive Structural Modelling (ISM) and demonstrated with the help of a framework. The strength of the interdependence is assessed using Bayesian Network approach. BN transformed the qualitative expert inputs to quantitative assessment by utilising the principles of conditional probability. Three cases from Indian manufacturing industries were used to demonstrate and assess the critical supply chain resilience indicators using integrated ISM-BN approach. The cases showed that the proposed approach can assist decision makers in identifying the critical indicators to be focused towards improving the supply chain resilience to overcome the outbreak of Covid-19 pandemic. A comparative analysis of the supply chain risk indicators has also been performed, thereby extending the practical implication of supply chain resilience.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2022
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Bayesian network
  • Covid-19
  • Disruption impacts
  • Interpretive structural modelling
  • Supply chain resilience

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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