Association of childhood socioeconomic status with adulthood maximal exercise blood pressure: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study

Erika Kähönen, Emilia Kähönen, Kristiina Pälve, Janne Hulkkonen, Mika Kähönen, Olli T. Raitakari, Nina Hutri, Terho Lehtimäki, Heikki Aatola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Purpose: Socioeconomic status has been related to resting blood pressure (BP) levels at different stages of life. However, the association of childhood socioeconomic status (SES) and adulthood exercise BP is largely unknown. Therefore, we studied the association of childhood SES with adulthood maximal exercise BP. Materials and methods: This investigation consisted of 373 individuals (53% women) participating in the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study who had data concerning family SES in childhood (baseline in 1980, at age of 6–18 years) and exercise BP response data in adulthood (follow-up in adulthood in 27–29 years since baseline). A maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test with BP measurements was performed by participants, and peak exercise BP was measured. Results: In stepwise multivariable analysis including childhood risk factors and lifestyle factors (body mass index, systolic BP, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin, fruit consumption, vegetable consumption, and physical activity), lower family SES in childhood was associated with higher maximal exercise BP in adulthood (β value ± SE, 1.63 ± 0.77, p = 0.035). The association remained significant after further adjustment with participants SES in adulthood (β value ± SE, 1.68 ± 0.65, p = 0.011) and after further adjustment with adulthood body-mass index, systolic BP, maximal exercise capacity, and peak heart rate in exercise (β value ± SE, 1.25 ± 0.56, p = 0.027). Conclusions: These findings suggest that lower childhood family SES is associated with higher maximal exercise BP in adulthood.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2323987
JournalBLOOD PRESSURE
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • blood pressure
  • Childhood
  • exercise
  • socioeconomic status

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Health(social science)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Association of childhood socioeconomic status with adulthood maximal exercise blood pressure: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this