Asthma Remission by Age at Diagnosis and Gender in a Population-Based Study

Jasmin Honkamäki, Päivi Piirilä, Hanna Hisinger-Mölkänen, Leena E. Tuomisto, Heidi Andersén, Heini Huhtala, Anssi Sovijärvi, Ari Lindqvist, Helena Backman, Bo Lundbäck, Eva Rönmark, Lauri Lehtimäki, Paula Pallasaho, Pinja Ilmarinen, Hannu Kankaanranta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Child-onset asthma is known to remit with high probability, but remission in adult-onset asthma is seemingly less frequent. Reports of the association between remission and asthma age of onset up to late adulthood are scarce. Objective: To evaluate the association between asthma remission, age at diagnosis and gender, and assess risk factors of nonremission. Methods: In 2016, a random sample of 16,000 subjects aged 20 to 69 years from Helsinki and Western Finland were sent a FinEsS questionnaire. Physician-diagnosed asthma was categorized by age at diagnosis to early- (0-11 years), intermediate- (12-39 years), and late-diagnosed (40-69 years) asthma. Asthma remission was defined by not having had asthma symptoms and not having used asthma medication in the past 12 months. Results: Totally, 8199 (51.5%) responded, and 879 reported physician-diagnosed asthma. Remission was most common in early-diagnosed (30.2%), followed by intermediate-diagnosed (17.9%), and least common in late-diagnosed asthma (5.0%) (P <.001), and the median times from diagnosis were 27, 18.5, and 10 years, respectively. In males, the corresponding remission rates were 36.7%, 20.0%, and 3.4%, and in females, 20.4%, 16.6%, and 5.9% (gender difference P <.001). In multivariable binary logistic regression analysis, significant risk factors of asthma nonremission were intermediate (odds ratio [OR] = 2.15, 95% confidence interval: 1.37-3.36) and late diagnosis (OR = 11.06, 4.82-25.37) compared with early diagnosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (OR = 5.56, 1.26-24.49), allergic rhinitis (OR = 2.28, 1.50-3.46), and family history of asthma (OR = 1.86, 1.22-2.85). Results were similar after excluding COPD. Conclusion: Remission was rare in adults diagnosed with asthma after age 40 years in both genders. Late-diagnosed asthma was the most significant independent risk factor for nonremission.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Dec 2020
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Age of onset
  • Asthma
  • Early-onset
  • Gender
  • Late-onset
  • Population study
  • Remission

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy

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