Automatic classification of IgA endomysial antibody test for celiac disease: a new method deploying machine learning

F Caetano DOS Santos, I Michalek, K Laurila, K Kaukinen, J Hyttinen, K Lindfors

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
41 Downloads (Pure)


Widespread use of endomysial autoantibody (EmA) test in diagnostics of celiac disease is limited due to its subjectivity and its requirement of an expert evaluator. The study aimed to determine whether machine learning can be applied to create a new observer-independent method of automatic assessment and classification of the EmA test for celiac disease. The study material comprised of 2597 high-quality IgA-class EmA images collected in 2017–2018. According to standard procedure, highly-experienced professional classified samples into the following four classes: I - positive, II - negative, III - IgA deficient, and IV - equivocal. Machine learning was deployed to create a classification model. The sensitivity and specificity of the model were 82.84% and 99.40%, respectively. The accuracy was 96.80%. The classification error was 3.20%. The area under the curve was 99.67%, 99.61%, 100%, and 99.89%, for I, II, III, and IV class, respectively. The mean assessment time per image was 16.11 seconds. This is the first study deploying machine learning for the automatic classification of IgA-class EmA test for celiac disease. The results indicate that using machine learning enables quick and precise EmA test analysis that can be further developed to simplify EmA analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9217
Pages (from-to)9217
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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