Automatic detection of water inside concrete slabs using ground penetrating radar

Muhammad Adnan Khan, Risto Vehmas, Ari Visa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is generally used as a non-destructive method of inspection for structures and for finding defects in concrete slabs. In this paper, GPR is used in the detection of water inside the cavities of concrete hollow core slabs. We propose an algorithm that determines the water level inside the concrete slab by analyzing the time delays of the reflections originating from inside the cavity. The algorithm is based on utilizing prior knowledge about the geometry of the hollow core slab. The presence of water was successfully detected and an estimate for the height of the water surface was obtained with a GPR system operating with a central frequency of 2.7 GHz. Based on the experiments, the proposed method holds promise in providing a robust and accurate method for the detection of water inside the concrete slabs. Results, possible future research and analysis of the feasibility of GPR systems in water detection are presented and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE Radar Conference, RadarConf 2019
ISBN (Electronic)9781728116792
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019
Publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventIEEE Radar Conference - Boston, United States
Duration: 22 Apr 201926 Apr 2019

Publication series

ISSN (Electronic)2375-5318


ConferenceIEEE Radar Conference
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Signal Processing
  • Instrumentation


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