Away with Dispositional Essences in Trope Theory

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Abstract

A specific variety of formal causation is dispositional essentialism. This chapter argues that dispositional essentialism is incompatible with any trope bundle theory committed to the primitive identity of tropes, such as Keith Campbell’s account and the authors’ own Strong Nuclear Theory. Dispositional essentialism would render at least some tropes identity-dependent on other tropes, while all tropes must be considered identity-independent existents in these trope theories. Furthermore, dispositional essentialism relies on the problematic notion of dispositional essence, and it remains unclear whether dispositional essentialism gains any ontological economy in comparison with the views taking laws of nature as primitive. Finally, the chapter outlines an alternative view based on Deborah Smith’s non-recombinational quidditism. According to it, tropes as determinate particular natures necessarily play certain nomological roles. It is argued that this might be completed with a new conception of tropes as parts of causal processes, which further clarifies the necessary connection between tropes and certain nomological roles
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication Neo-Aristotelian Perspectives on Formal Causation
EditorsLudger Jansen, Petter Sanstad
Place of PublicationNew York, London
PublisherRoutledge
Chapter6
Pages106-123
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-429-32982-1
ISBN (Print)978-0-367-34120-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 2021
Publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book

Publication series

NameRoutledge Studies in Metaphysics
PublisherRoutledge

Keywords

  • tropes
  • dispositions
  • essence
  • causal powers

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 3

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