Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) reflects eosinophilic airway inflammation and it can be used to diagnose and phenotype asthma and predict treatment responses. However, smoking decreases FeNO and it is not clear if FeNO has clinical value in smoking subjects with asthma. We conducted a systematic review focusing on four basic characteristics and five clinical questions on using FeNO in smokers with asthma. At least two authors independently screened search results, extracted data and assessed the quality of the included studies. Data were synthesised mainly by qualitative methods. Twenty-two studies were included. FeNO is lower in smoking than in non-smoking asthmatics, but importantly FeNO is higher in untreated smoking asthmatics than in healthy smokers. Information was incomplete but there is some indication that FeNO might be useful in detecting eosinophilic airway inflammation and in diagnosing asthma in smoking subjects. There was no data available to four of the five clinical questions. In conclusion, at the moment there is insufficient data to give specific guidelines on using FeNO in smoking subjects, but although smoking decreases FeNO it does not seem to make FeNO measurement redundant. FeNO is also associated with asthma in smokers and current results encourage conducting clinical trials on FeNO in smokers with asthma.
|Journal||Journal of breath research|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
|Publication type||A2 Review article in a scientific journal|
- Breath Tests/methods
- Nitric Oxide/chemistry
Publication forum classification
- Publication forum level 1