Birth rate after major trauma in fertile-aged women: a nationwide population-based cohort study in Finland

Matias Vaajala, Ilari Kuitunen, Lauri Nyrhi, Ville Ponkilainen, Maiju Kekki, Tuomas T. Huttunen, Ville M. Mattila

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BACKGROUND: To date, only a few small studies have assessed the effects of major orthopedic traumas on the subsequent birth rate in fertile-aged woman. We assessed the incidences of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and fractures of the spine, pelvis, and hip or thigh and evaluated their association with the birth rate in fertile-aged woman. METHODS: In this retrospective register-based nationwide cohort study, data on all fertile-aged (15-44 years of age) women who sustained a TBI or fracture of the spine, pelvis, hip or thigh between 1998 and 2013 were retrieved from the Care Register for Health Care. A total of 22,780 women were included in TBI group, 3627 in spine fracture group, 1820 in pelvic fracture group, and 1769 in hip or thigh fracture group. The data were subsequently combined with data from the National Medical Birth Register. We used Cox regression model to analyze the hazard for a woman to give birth during 5-year follow-up starting from a major trauma. Women with wrist fractures (4957 women) formed a reference group. Results are reported as hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: During 5-year follow-up after major trauma, 4324 (19.0%) women in the TBI group, 652 (18.0%) in the spine fracture group, 301 (16.5%) in the pelvic fracture group, 220 (12.4%) in the hip or thigh fracture group, and 925 (18.7%) in the wrist fracture group gave birth. The cumulative birth rate was lower in the hip or thigh fracture group in women aged 15-24 years (HR 0.72, CI 0.58-0.88) and 15-34 years (HR 0.65, CI 0.52-0.82). Women with pelvic fracture aged 25-34 years also had a lower cumulative birth rate (HR 0.79, CI 0.64-0.97). For spine fractures and TBIs, no reduction in cumulative birth rate was observed. Vaginal delivery was the primary mode of delivery in each trauma group. However, women with pelvic fractures had higher rate of cesarean section (23.9%), when compared to other trauma groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that women with thigh, hip, or pelvic fractures had a lower birth rate in 5-year follow-up. Information gained from this study will be important in clinical decision making when women with previous major trauma are considering becoming pregnant and giving birth.

Original languageEnglish
Article number73
Number of pages8
JournalReproductive Health
Publication statusPublished - 24 Mar 2022
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology


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