CARBIDE AND HYDRIDE FORMATION DURING MECHANICAL ALLOYING OF TITANIUM AND ALUMINUM WITH HEXANE

J KESKINEN, A POGANY, J RUBIN, Pekka Ruuskanen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    44 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Mixtures of elemental titanium and aluminium powders of overall composition TixAl1+x(x=0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.75, 0.8) were mechanically alloyed in a planetary-type ball mill. Hexane was added as a process control agent to reduce powder agglomeration during milling. The as-milled powders were characterized using X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. During milling, the hexane is partially dissociated, with the free carbon and hydrogen incorporated within the TixAl1-x allay powders in increasing amounts with increasing milling time. The amount of incorporated carbon increases with the initial Ti content of the powder mixture, reaching a maximum of 12 wt.% incorporated into an initial Ti0.8Al0.2 powder mixture after 100 h of milling. The hydrogen is found to combine with elemental Ti to form TiH2-x, with an initial Ti0.5Al0.5 powder mixture milled for 40 h incorporating 0.95 wt.% H. The milled (TixAl1-x+C) powder mixtures form a large fraction of amorphous phase near x=0.5. Annealing of the as-milled powders incorporating dissolved carbon and hydrogen produced a mixture of Al2Ti4C2, TiC and TiAl.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)205-211
    Number of pages7
    JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A: Structural Materials Properties Microstructure and Processing
    Volume196
    Issue number1-2
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 1995
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Keywords

    • CARBIDE
    • HYDRIDE
    • ALLOYING
    • TITANIUM
    • ALUMINUM
    • HEXANE

    Publication forum classification

    • No publication forum level

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