Characterization of Powder-Precursor HVOF-Sprayed Al2O3-YSZ/ZrO2 Coatings

Jarkko Kiilakoski, Jouni Puranen, Esa Heinonen, Heli Koivuluoto, Petri Vuoristo

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    21 Citations (Scopus)
    22 Downloads (Pure)


    Thermal spraying using liquid feedstock can produce coatings with very fine microstructures either by utilizing submicron particles in the form of a suspension or through in situ synthesis leading, for example, to improved tribological properties. The focus of this work was to obtain a bimodal microstructure by using simultaneous hybrid powder-precursor HVOF spraying, where nanoscale features from liquid feedstock could be combined with the robustness and efficiency of spraying with powder feedstock. The nanostructure was achieved from YSZ and ZrO2 solution-precursors, and a conventional Al2O3 spray powder was responsible for the structural features in the micron scale. The microstructures of the coatings revealed some clusters of unmelted nanosized YSZ/ZrO2 embedded in a lamellar matrix of Al2O3. The phase compositions consisted of γ- and α-Al2O3 and cubic, tetragonal and monoclinic ZrO2. Additionally, some alloying of the constituents was found. The mechanical strength of the coatings was not optimal due to the excessive amount of the nanostructured YSZ/ZrO2 addition. An amount of 10 vol.% or 7 wt.% 8YSZ was estimated to result in a more desired mixing of constituents that would lead to an optimized coating architecture.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)98-107
    JournalJournal of Thermal Spray Technology
    Issue number1-2
    Early online date2018
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • AlO-ZrO
    • ceramic matrix composite
    • coating
    • HVOF
    • hybrid
    • solution-precursor spraying

    Publication forum classification

    • Publication forum level 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
    • Materials Chemistry


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