Climate change effect on wind-driven rain on facades

Toni A. Pakkala, Antti-Matti Lemberg, Jukka Lahdensivu, Matti Pentti

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


    It has been shown that the wind-driven rain has a major effect on
    all of the most significant concrete degradation mechanism in
    Finland and the degradation rate depends significantly on both
    location and orientation of outdoor concrete surface, e.g. façade. In
    this study, the amount of wind-driven rain and the effect of climate
    change on it has been studied at four different locations. As a
    result, it was found that at present the climatically most stressed
    façade orientations at the most stressed areas, the coastal and
    southern Finland areas, will face significantly more wind-driven
    rain in the future climate.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)31-49
    Number of pages19
    JournalNordic Concrete Research
    VolumePublication NO. 54
    Issue number1/16
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Concrete
    • Wind-driven rain
    • Durability
    • Climate change

    Publication forum classification

    • Publication forum level 1


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