Comparison of controller-based locomotion techniques for visual observation in virtual reality

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Many virtual reality (VR) applications use teleport for locomotion. The non-continuous locomotion of teleport is suited for VR controllers and can minimize simulator sickness, but it can also reduce spatial awareness compared to continuous locomotion. Our aim was to create continuous, controller-based locomotion techniques that would support spatial awareness. We compared the new techniques, slider and grab, with teleport in a task where participants counted small visual targets in a VR environment. Task performance was assessed by asking participants to report how many visual targets they found. The results showed that slider and grab were significantly faster to use than teleport, and they did not cause significantly more simulator sickness than teleport. Moreover, the continuous techniques provided better spatial awareness than teleport.

Original languageEnglish
Article number31
JournalMultimodal Technologies and Interaction
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Locomotion methods
  • Locomotion techniques
  • Virtual reality
  • Visual observation

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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