Complications and secondary operations after non-operative and operative treatment of tibial plateau fractures: a population-based study of 562 patients with mean follow-up of 7 years

Valtteri Tapper, Aleksi Reito, Konsta Pamilo, Antti Ylitalo, Alar Toom, Juha Paloneva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The incidence of tibial plateau fractures (TPF) is 1% of all fractures and increases with age. Whether non-operatively or operatively treated, complications (infection, malalignment, loss of reduction and delayed union or nonunion) and post-traumatic osteoarthritis are not uncommon, and the risk for complications has generally been assumed to rise with age. This study investigated all post-TPF complications and secondary surgery after non-operative and operative treatment. Secondary aims were to determine the incidence and epidemiology of TPF in the population of the Central Finland region.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients over age 18 years with a TPF, including incidence, etiology, fracture type, and possible complications and reoperations, sustained during the period 1998-2019 were retrospectively identified from hospital records.

RESULTS: The annual mean incidence of TPF was 14.4/100,000, with older women at highest risk. The proportions of non-operative and operatively treated patients who had undergone at least one additional surgical operation were 6% and 26%, respectively. Age and female gender were identified as risk factors for complications and secondary operations. The risk peaked in patients aged 60-65 years, decreasing thereafter. Non-operative treatment showed low risk for both non-union and loss of reduction.

CONCLUSIONS: Older women were at the highest risk for TPF and for subsequent complications and secondary operations after TPF. Secondary operations after operatively treated TPF were not uncommon and patients aged 60-65 years were at highest risk. Given the low rates of complications and re-operations, non-operative treatment may be a safe option in cases of all minimally displaced TPF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-280
Number of pages12
JournalArchives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Volume144
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Nov 2023
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Humans
  • Female
  • Aged
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tibial Plateau Fractures
  • Fracture Fixation, Internal/adverse effects
  • Tibial Fractures/epidemiology
  • Treatment Outcome

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

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