Computational fluid dynamics calculations in inferior turbinate surgery: a cohort study

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Purpose: To investigate how the results of nasal computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations change due to inferior turbinate surgery and how the results correlate with patient specific subjective assessment and volumetric results in the nasal cavities. Methods: The steady inspiratory airflow of 25 patients was studied pre- and postoperatively with heat transfer from the mucous membrane by performing CFD calculations to patient-specific nasal cone beam computed tomography images. These results were then compared to the severity of the patients’ nasal obstruction Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Glasgow Health Status Inventory assessments, and acoustic rhinometry measurements. Results: Total wall shear forces decreased statistically significantly (p < 0.01) in the operated parts of the inferior turbinates. Patients’ subjective nasal obstruction VAS assessment changes between the pre- and postoperative conditions correlated statistically significantly (p = 0.04) with the wall shear force results. Conclusion: Inferior turbinate surgery lead to decreased total wall shear force values postoperatively. Changes in subjective nasal obstruction VAS results against total wall shear force changes between the pre- and postoperative conditions were statistically significant. CFD data have a potential to be used for the evaluation of nasal airflow.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Jun 2023
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • CBCT
  • CFD
  • Inferior turbinate
  • Mucous membrane
  • Nasal cavity

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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