Continuity of father-rated temperament from infancy to middle childhood

Niina Komsi, Katri Räikkönen, Kati Heinonen, Anu Katriina Pesonen, Pertti Keskivaara, Anna Liisa Järvenpää, Timo E. Strandberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Continuity of father-rated temperament in Finnish children (n = 115) aged from 6 months (the IBQ) to 5.5 years (the CBQ) was explored within the theoretical framework developed by Rothbart. Father-rated activity level, smiling and laughter and distress to limitations showed significant differential homotypic and heterotypic continuity, while soothability, duration of orienting and fear showed significant differential heterotypic continuity. On the level of latent superconstructs, father-rated positive and negative infant affectivity accounted for 5.1, 22.7 and 10.0% of the variance in childhood extraversion, effortful control and negative affectivity, respectively. Inter-parental comparisons (n = 109 family units) revealed that father-rated continuity was similar to mother-rated continuity. These findings give empirical credence to Rothbart's theory and to father-rated temperamental continuity from infancy onwards.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-254
Number of pages16
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2008
Externally publishedYes
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Child
  • Continuity
  • Father-ratings
  • Infant
  • Parent-ratings
  • Temperament

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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