Defining ‘Responsible’ in Responsible Research and Innovation: The Case of Quadruple Helix Innovation in the Energy Sector in the Tampere Region

Yohannes Mehari, Elias Pekkola, Jonna Hjelt, Yuzhuo Cai, Jari Stenvall, Francisco Javier Ortega-Colomer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

7 Downloads (Pure)


This paper aims to investigate the social innovation process in the innovation ecosystem of the Tampere region, taking the energy sector as an example. It focuses on analysing how responsible research and innovation (RRI) activities are understood by regional stakeholders, particularly regarding how the roles of different actors (universities, public agencies, industry, and citizens) are constituted, and how different actors facilitate social innovation. The research questions are approached by the conceptual framework of Quadruple Helix which is useful for understanding the roles of citizens and interwoven fabric in innovation ecosystems, including social innovation. Empirically, the paper is based on analysing qualitative interviews with 12 stakeholders in the energy sector in Tampere. It is supplemented by analysing national and regional documents related to energy policies and the role of research and universities as well as citizens in sustainable (economic) development. Based on our findings the responsibility in research and innovation activities is not defined by utilising existing conceptual approaches or EU policies, such as RRI.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSocial Innovation in Higher Education
Subtitle of host publicationLandscape, Practices, and Opportunities
EditorsCarmen Păunescu, Katri-Liis Lepik, Nicholas Spencer
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-84044-0
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-84043-3
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Publication typeA3 Book chapter

Publication series

NameInnovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management
ISSN (Print)2197-5698
ISSN (Electronic)2197-5701


  • Responsible research and innovation (RRI)
  • Quadruple helix
  • Citizenship
  • Energy sector

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 2


Dive into the research topics of 'Defining ‘Responsible’ in Responsible Research and Innovation: The Case of Quadruple Helix Innovation in the Energy Sector in the Tampere Region'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this