Density functional theory study of transition metals doped B80 fullerene

Jianguang Wang, Li Ma, Yanhua Liang, Meiling Gao, Guanghou Wang

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    15 Citations (Scopus)


    Density functional theory calculations have been carried out to investigate 3d, Pd and Pt transition metal (TM) atoms exohedrally and endohedrally doped B80 fullerene. We find that the most preferred doping site of the TM atom gradually moves from the outer surface (TM = Sc), to the inner surface (TM = Ti and V) and the center (TM = Cr, Mn, Fe and Zn), then to the outer surface (TM = Co, Ni, Cu, Pd, and Pt) again with the TM atom varying from Sc to Pt. From the formation energy calculations, we find that doping TM atom can further improve the stability of B80 fullerene. The magnetic moments of doped V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co and Ni atoms are reduced from their free-atom values and other TM atoms are completely quenched. Charge transfer and hybridization between 4s and 3d states of TM and 2s and 2p states of B were observed. The energy gaps of TM@B80 are usually smaller than that of the pure B80. Endohedrally doped B80 fullerene with two Mn and two Fe atoms were also considered, respectively. It is found that the antiferromagnetic (AFM) state is more energetically favorable than the ferromagnetic (FM) state for Mn2- and Fe2@B80. The Mn and Fe atoms carry the residual magnetic moments of ∼ 3 μB and 2 μB in the AFM states.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1450050
    JournalJournal of Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 22 Sept 2014
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • B<inf>80</inf> fullerene
    • density functional theory
    • doped
    • Transition metal

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
    • Computational Theory and Mathematics
    • Computer Science Applications


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