Design Considerations of Dedicated and Aerial 5G Networks for Enhanced Positioning Services

Jose A. Del Peral-Rosado, Patric Nolle, Sara M. Razavi, Gustav Lindmark, Deep Shrestha, Fredrik Gunnarsson, Florian Kaltenberger, Niilo Sirola, Olli Särkkä, Juha Roström, Kim Vaarala, Pasi Miettinen, Giacomo Pojani, Luca Canzian, Huseyin Babaroglu, Elizaveta Rastorgueva-Foi, Jukka Talvitie, Detlef Flachs

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Dedicated and aerial fifth generation (5G) networks, here called 5G overlay networks, are envisaged to enhance existing positioning services, when combined with global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) and other sensors. There is a need for accurate and timely positioning in safety-critical automotive and aerial applications, such as advanced warning systems or in urban air mobility (UAM). Today, these high-accuracy demands can partially be satisfied by GNSS, though not in dense urban conditions or under GNSS threats (e.g. interference, jamming or spoofing). Temporary and on-demand 5G network deployments using ground and flying base stations (BSs) are indeed a novel solution to exploit hybrid GNSS, 5G and sensor algorithms for the provision of accurate three-dimensional (3D) position and motion information, especially for challenging urban and suburban scenarios. Thus, this paper first analyzes the positioning technologies available, including signals, positioning methods, algorithms and architectures. Then, design considerations of 5G overlay networks are discussed, by including simulation results on the 5G signal bandwidth, antenna array and network deployment.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2022 10th Workshop on Satellite Navigation Technology, NAVITEC 2022
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781665416160
ISBN (Print)9781665416177
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Publication typeA4 Article in conference proceedings
EventWorkshop on Satellite Navigation Technology - Noordwijk, Netherlands
Duration: 5 Apr 20227 Apr 2022

Publication series

NameESA Workshop on Satellite Navigation Technologies and European Workshop on GNSS Signals and Signal Processing
ISSN (Print)2325-5439
ISSN (Electronic)2325-5455


ConferenceWorkshop on Satellite Navigation Technology


  • 5G
  • GNSS
  • Hybrid Positioning
  • UAV

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 0

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Control and Optimization
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Signal Processing
  • Aerospace Engineering


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