Distinct electrophysiological and mechanical beating phenotypes of long QT syndrome type 1-specific cardiomyocytes carrying different mutations

Anna L. Kiviaho, Antti Ahola, K Larsson, Kirsi Penttinen, Heikki Swan, Mari Pekkanen-Mattila, Henna Venäläinen, Kiti Paavola, Jari Hyttinen, Katriina Aalto-Setälä

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


<p>Background: Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is associated with increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias and cardiac arrest. LQTS type 1 (LQT1), the most prevalent subtype of LQTS, is caused by defects of slow delayed rectifier potassium current (I<inf>Ks</inf>) that lead to abnormal cardiac repolarization. Here we used pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-technology to investigate both the electrophysiological and also for the first time the mechanical beating behavior of genetically defined, LQT1 specific cardiomyocytes (CMs) carrying different mutations. Methods: We established in vitro models for LQT1 caused by two mutations (G589D or ivs7-2A>G). LQT1 specific CMs were derived from patient specific iPSCs and characterized for their electrophysiology using a current clamp and Ca<sup>2+</sup>-imaging. Their mechanical beating characteristics were analyzed with video-image analysis method. Results and conclusions: Both LQT1-CM-types showed prolonged repolarization, but only those with G589D presented early after-depolarizations at baseline. Increased amounts of abnormal Ca<sup>2+</sup> transients were detected in both types of LQT1-CMs. Surprisingly, also the mechanical beating behavior demonstrated clear abnormalities and additionally the abnormalities were different with the two mutations: prolonged contraction was seen in G589D-CMs while impaired relaxation was observed in ivs7-2A>G-CMs.The CMs carrying two different LQT1 specific mutations (G589D or ivs7-2A>G) presented clear differences in their electrical properties as well as in their mechanical beating behavior. Results from different methods correlated well with each other suggesting that simply mechanical beating behavior of CMs could be used for screening of diseased CMs and possibly for diagnostic purposes in the future.</p>
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-31
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology, Heart & Vasculature
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Arrhythmia
  • Calcium imaging
  • Digital image correlation
  • Induced pluripotent stem cell
  • Long QT syndrome
  • Patch clamp

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