DLC-treated aramid-fibre composites: Tailoring nanoscale-coating for macroscale performance

M. Kanerva, S. Korkiakoski, K. Lahtonen, J. Jokinen, E. Sarlin, S. Palola, A. Iyer, P. Laurikainen, X. W. Liu, M. Raappana, S. Tervakangas, M. Valden

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    10 Citations (Scopus)
    144 Downloads (Pure)


    This work aims to quantify the effect of a diamond-like carbon coating (DLC) treatment of aramid fibres and to reveal the conversion of a fibre-level performance leap on the macroscale mechanical behaviour. The DLC-based coating is applied directly to the reinforcement and laminates are infused with an epoxy matrix. After characterisation of the coated surfaces, the performance of the composite is analysed via interlaminar shear testing, fatigue testing and damage tolerance testing, microbond tests, and 3D finite element simulation using a cohesive zone model of the interface. The results show that the coating treatment improves the fatigue life and the S-N curve slope for the laminates, while the residual strength after impact damage and environmental conditioning (water immersion at 60 °C) remains high. The scaling factor to convert the performance on macroscale was determined to be 0.17–0.39 for the DLC-based fibre treatment.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)62-69
    Number of pages8
    JournalComposites Science and Technology
    Early online date30 Nov 2018
    Publication statusPublished - 8 Feb 2019
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Aramid fibre
    • Damage tolerance
    • Finite element analysis (FEA)
    • Interfacial strength
    • Photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)

    Publication forum classification

    • Publication forum level 3

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Ceramics and Composites
    • Engineering(all)


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