Dynamic Multi-Connectivity Performance in Ultra-Dense Urban mmWave Deployments

Vitaly Petrov, Dmitrii Solomitckii, Andrey Samuylov, Maria A. Lema, Margarita Gapeyenko, Dmitri Moltchanov, Sergey Andreev, Valeriy Naumov, Konstantin Samouylov, Mischa Dohler, Yevgeni Koucheryavy

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    66 Citations (Scopus)


    Leveraging multiple simultaneous small cell connections is an emerging and promising solution to enhance session continuity in millimeter-wave (mmWave) cellular systems that suffer from frequent link interruptions due to blockage in ultradense urban deployments. However, the available performance benefits of feasible multi-connectivity strategies as well as the tentative service quality gains that they promise remain an open research question. Addressing it requires the development of a novel performance evaluation methodology, which should take into account: (i) the intricacies of mmWave radio propagation in realistic urban environments; (ii) the dynamic mmWave link blockage due to human mobility; and (iii) the multi-connectivity network behavior to preserve session continuity. In this paper, we construct this much needed methodology by combining the methods from queuing theory, stochastic geometry, as well as ray-based and system-level simulations. With this integrated framework, both user- and network-centric performance indicators together with their underlying scaling laws can be quantified in representative mmWave scenarios. To ensure modeling accuracy, the components of our methodology are carefully cross-verified and calibrated against the current considerations in the standards. Building on this, a thorough comparison of alternative multi-connectivity strategies is conducted, as our study reveals that even simpler multi-connectivity schemes bring notable improvements to session-level mmWave operation in realistic environments. These findings may become an important reference point for subsequent standardization efforts in this area.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2038-2055
    JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • 3GPP
    • 5G mobile communication
    • 5G mobile networks
    • dense urban deployments
    • Electronic mail
    • human body blockage
    • integrated methodology
    • link interruptions
    • Mathematical model
    • millimeter-wave (mmWave) technology
    • multi-connectivity strategies
    • session continuity
    • Signal to noise ratio
    • Tools
    • Vehicle dynamics

    Publication forum classification

    • Publication forum level 3

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Computer Networks and Communications
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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