Dynamical Heart Beat Correlations During Complex Tasks - A Case Study in Automobile Driving

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Abstract

Driving is a complex task that is known to cause highly individual stress responses. Here we study heart rate variability (HRV) during automobile driving compared with being at rest. We focus on time-dependent variations in the scaling properties of the RR intervals by applying a newly developed dynamical detrended fluctuation analysis (DDFA). In particular, we study whether DDFA brings additional insights to the HRV analysis carried out by conventional measures in the time and frequency domain. We utilize the publicly available PhysioNet database for 16 drivers, whose ECG was recorded during 35–60 min of driving on public roads, preceded and followed by 15 min rest periods. The extracted RR intervals are then analyzed through the conventional HRV measures, followed by DDFA analysis that yields the time- and scale-dependent scaling exponents $\alpha(t, s)$. The temporal fidelity of the method permits accurate determination of distributions of $\alpha(t, s)$ in relatively short segments of data. We find that even when the HRV measures show clear differences between driving and being at rest, the subjects exhibit highly individual cardiac responses to the experiment. at the individual level, however, DDFA gives detailed information on the dynamic changes in HRV which are often hidden in the conventional measures.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2021 Computing in Cardiology (CinC)
PublisherIEEE
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-6654-7916-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication typeA4 Article in conference proceedings
EventComputing in cardiology - , Czech Republic
Duration: 13 Sept 202115 Sept 2021

Publication series

NameComputing in cardiology
ISSN (Electronic)2325-887X

Conference

ConferenceComputing in cardiology
Country/TerritoryCzech Republic
Period13/09/2115/09/21

Keywords

  • Time-frequency analysis
  • Fluctuations
  • Time measurement
  • Automobiles
  • Sympathetic nervous system
  • Heart rate variability
  • Task analysis

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

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