Early Bearing Fault Diagnosis of Rotating Machinery by 1D Self-Organized Operational Neural Networks

Turker Ince, Junaid Malik, Ozer Can Devecioglu, Serkan Kiranyaz, Onur Avci, Levent Eren, Moncef Gabbouj

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Preventive maintenance of modern electric rotating machinery (RM) is critical for ensuring reliable operation, preventing unpredicted breakdowns and avoiding costly repairs. Recently many studies investigated machine learning monitoring methods especially based on Deep Learning networks focusing mostly on detecting bearing faults; however, none of them addressed bearing fault severity classification for early fault diagnosis with high enough accuracy. 1D Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) have indeed achieved good performance for detecting RM bearing faults from raw vibration and current signals but did not classify fault severity. Furthermore, recent studies have demonstrated the limitation in terms of learning capability of conventional CNNs attributed to the basic underlying linear neuron model. Recently, Operational Neural Networks (ONNs) were proposed to enhance the learning capability of CNN by introducing non-linear neuron models and further heterogeneity in the network configuration. In this study, we propose 1D Self-organized ONNs (Self-ONNs) with generative neurons for bearing fault severity classification and providing continuous condition monitoring. Experimental results over the benchmark NSF/IMS bearing vibration dataset using both x-and y-axis vibration signals for inner race and rolling element faults demonstrate that the proposed 1D Self-ONNs achieve significant performance gap against the state-of-the-art (1D CNNs) with similar computational complexity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139260-139270
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • condition monitoring of rotating elements
  • Convolutional neural networks
  • early bearing fault detection
  • fault severity classification
  • machine health monitoring
  • operational neural networks

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)


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