Early detection of clinically significant prostate cancer: protocol summary and statistical analysis plan for the ProScreen randomised trial

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Evidence on the effectiveness of prostate cancer screening based on prostate-specific antigen is inconclusive and suggests a questionable balance between benefits and harms due to overdiagnosis, and complications from biopsies and overtreatment. However, diagnostic accuracy studies have shown that detection of clinically insignificant prostate cancer can be reduced by MRI combined with targeted biopsies.The aim of the paper is to describe the analysis of the ProScreen randomised trial to assess the performance of the novel screening algorithm in terms of the primary outcome, prostate cancer mortality and secondary outcomes as intermediate indicators of screening benefits and harms of screening. METHODS: The trial aims to recruit at least 111 000 men to achieve sufficient statistical power for the primary outcome. Men will be allocated in a 1:3 ratio to the screening and control arms. Interim analysis is planned at 10 years of follow-up, and the final analysis at 15 years. Difference between the trial arms in prostate cancer mortality will be assessed by Gray's test using intention-to-screen analysis of randomised men. Secondary outcomes will be the incidence of prostate cancer by disease aggressiveness, progression to advanced prostate cancer, death due to any cause and cost-effectiveness of screening. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The trial protocol was reviewed by the ethical committee of the Helsinki University Hospital (2910/2017). Results will be disseminated through publications in international peer-reviewed journals and at scientific meetings. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03423303.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere075595
Number of pages7
JournalBMJ Open
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Mass Screening
  • Prostatic Neoplasms
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • STATISTICS & RESEARCH METHODS

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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