Edge and particle embedment effects in low- and high-stress slurry erosion wear of steels and elastomers

Niko Ojala, Kati Valtonen, Jussi Minkkinen, Veli-Tapani Kuokkala

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    15 Citations (Scopus)
    88 Downloads (Pure)


    Slurry transportation via pumping is an increasingly viable alternative for the conventional fine particle pumping, but there are also many applications involving larger particles. However, most of the published studies on slurry erosion have been conducted with fine particle sizes. In this work, also large particle slurry erosion of commercial wear resistant materials is studied. A high speed slurry-pot wear tester was used with edge protected samples to simulate the wear conditions in industrial slurry applications where edge wear is minimal. Two wear resistant steels together with natural rubber and polyurethane lining materials were tested, and the results were compared with the results of the same materials tested without sample edge protection. The tests were performed using 15 m/s speed, two sample angles, and slurry concentrations with particle size ranging from large 8/10 mm granite to fine 0.1/0.6 mm quartz. In all conditions, the steel samples showed stable wear behavior, whereas the elastomers gave notably inconsistent results in different test conditions. In general, steels exhibited better wear performance with large particles and elastomers with fine particles, and the wear losses were 40-95 % lower when edge wear was inhibited. With increasing abrasive size, the edge wear becomes more dominant and the particle embedment decreases.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)126-135
    Number of pages10
    Early online date15 Jun 2017
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Wear testing
    • Steel
    • Elastomers
    • Edge effect
    • Particle embedment
    • Mining
    • Mineral processing

    Publication forum classification

    • Publication forum level 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Metals and Alloys
    • General Materials Science
    • Polymers and Plastics


    Dive into the research topics of 'Edge and particle embedment effects in low- and high-stress slurry erosion wear of steels and elastomers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this