Effects of intervention on lifestyle changes among coronary artery disease patients: A 6-month follow-up study

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Abstract

Aim: The main aim of the study was to investigate the effects of a nurse-led lifestyle-related risk factor modification intervention on multiple lifestyle behaviours among coronary artery disease patients over six months. Design: A pre-test post-test control group design was conducted in a single clinical centre in Nepal. Methods: A total of 224 eligible patients were randomly assigned to either the usual care group or the intervention group at baseline. The lifestyle intervention consisted of a brief counselling session supplemented with informational leaflets. Standard questionnaires were used to collect self-reported data from patients on multiple lifestyle behaviours: diet, physical activity, adherence to medication, stress, body mass index, smoking and alcohol consumption. General linear model repeated measure analysis was used to estimate the effect of intervention. Results: A statistically significant effect of study group-by-time interaction for diet, adherence to medication, physical activity, and perceived stress was found at 6-month follow-up. Overall, greater improvement in lifestyle habits was found in the intervention group compared with the control group at 6-month follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalNursing Open
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Apr 2022
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • coronary artery disease
  • effects of intervention
  • lifestyle
  • risk factors

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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