Effects of metal extraction liquors from electric vehicle battery materials production on iron and sulfur oxidation by heap bioleaching microorganisms

Linda Määttä, Réka Hajdu-Rahkama, Carita Oinonen, Jaakko A. Puhakka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

This study reports the effects of metal extraction liquors that are used for production of electric vehicle batteries on biological iron and sulfur oxidation. These liquors include ammonium sulfate and organic solvent constituents, and thus are potentially or inhibitory for heap bioleaching microorganisms. The effects of the liquors and their potential constituents were studied in batch bioassays at pH 2 and 27 ± 2 °C. Both metal extraction liquors had a negative effect on biological iron oxidation at >2% (v/v), whereas biological sulfur oxidation was enhanced with ≤8% (v/v) metal extraction liquor 1. Biological iron oxidation was negatively affected by ammonium sulfate at above 20 g/L. From the studied low-solubility organic solvents (neodecanoic acid, Nessol D100, Cyanex 272, and Baysolvex D2EHPA), neodecanoic acid was the only one negatively affecting biological iron oxidation, and this effect occurred at ≥ 6.3 mg/L (2.5% of its aqueous solubility). Since these extraction liquors and some of their potential constituents inhibited biological iron oxidation, they may also inhibit heap bioleaching and have adverse impacts in recipient waters, if released to the environment. With ammonium limited culture, iron oxidation was stimulated with ≤ 1% (v/v) of metal extraction liquor 1 and 2, and therefore, would also likely enhance heap bioleaching.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107409
JournalMinerals Engineering
Volume178
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2022
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Acidophile
  • Ammonium sulfate
  • Biooxidation
  • Nitrogen supplementation
  • Organic solvent

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Mechanical Engineering

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