Elämää vaalivan itsekasvatuksen luonnos

Translated title of the contribution: Outlining life-cherishing self-cultivation

Johanna Kallio, Jani Pulkki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Downloads (Pure)


The article examines self-cultivation, i.e., voluntary education of oneself, as an active effort to respond to the ecological crises through an inner transfor-mation. Self-cultivation is understood here as it was defined in a theory by educational philosopher Juho August (J. A.) Hollo (1885–1967) and in Finnish tradition in general: educating oneself with an aim of finding the art of living, i.e., meaningful life. Ac-cording to Hollo, cherishing life in all its forms is im-portant for a human as anything that grows – plants, animals, microorganisms, and all of nature – carries the same life force as humans do. Hollo was ahead of his time with this holistic thinking that emphasized the connection between humans and non-humans. The article is developing the idea of life-cherishing self-cultivation further, thus combining Hollo’s the-ory and Martha C. Nussbaum’s (1947–) thoughts of self-cultivation. Hollo’s theory is the basis for life-cherishing self-cultivation while Nussbaum’s theory offers a practical method for it. Nussbaum’s theory expands Hollo’s idea especially on what comes to handling emotions and to philosophy of emotions, thereby giving a practical example of self-cultivation. The primary purpose of the article’s synthesis of life-cherishing self-cultivation is to offer a model for developing thinking and actions towards improved sustainability.
Translated title of the contributionOutlining life-cherishing self-cultivation
Original languageFinnish
Pages (from-to)25-36
Number of pages12
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 24 Mar 2022
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • activism
  • philosophy of education
  • environmental education
  • self-education
  • J. A. Hollo
  • Martha Nussbaum

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1


Dive into the research topics of 'Outlining life-cherishing self-cultivation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this