Engaging Stakeholders to Circular Economy Ecosystems: A Process Model

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Diverse ecosystems aiming for system-level circular innovation require an extensive range of stakeholders who need to be engaged with varying stakeholder engagement processes. However, best practices for managing diverse processes for stakeholder engagement remain underexplored, particularly in circular economy (CE) ecosystems. We provide critically lacking empirical and temporal stakeholder engagement insights by conducting a processual, in-depth analysis of six CE ecosystem cases: company-centered ecosystem, locally-based CE ecosystem, industrial symbiosis, and national-level beverage recycling, nutrient recycling, and construction industry ecosystems. By examining engagement processes displayed via development of stakeholder relationships, communications, and innovating/learning over time, we find and define two distinctive engagement modes: reactive and proactive. We propose a process model for harnessing these modes depending on CE ecosystem's level of organization and intended outcomes. This model and findings contribute to the intersection of circular economy, ecosystem, and stakeholder management research, and support managers engaging stakeholders for developing system-level circular innovation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of ISPIM Connects Valencia
Subtitle of host publicationReconnect, Rediscover, Reimagine
PublisherLappeenrannan teknillinen yliopisto
ISBN (Electronic)978-952-335-691-7
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication typeA4 Article in conference proceedings
EventISPIM Connects Conference - Valencia, Spain
Duration: 29 Nov 20211 Dec 2021

Publication series

NameLUT Scientific and Expertise Publications : Tutkimusraportit
ISSN (Print)2243-3376


ConferenceISPIM Connects Conference

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 0


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