Enriched Music Representations With Multiple Cross-Modal Contrastive Learning

Andres Ferraro, Xavier Favory, Konstantinos Drossos, Yuntae Kim, Dmitry Bogdanov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Modeling various aspects that make a music piece unique is a challenging task, requiring the combination of multiple sources of information. Deep learning is commonly used to obtain representations using various sources of information, such as the audio, interactions between users and songs, or associated genre metadata. Recently, contrastive learning has led to representations that generalize better compared to traditional supervised methods. In this paper, we present a novel approach that combines multiple types of information related to music using cross-modal contrastive learning, allowing us to learn an audio feature from heterogeneous data simultaneously. We align the latent representations obtained from playlists-track interactions, genre metadata, and the tracks’ audio, by maximizing the agreement between these modality representations using a contrastive loss. We evaluate our approach in three tasks, namely, genre classification, playlist continuation and automatic tagging. We compare the performances with a baseline audio-based CNN trained to predict these modalities. We also study the importance of including multiple sources of information when training our embedding model. The results suggest that the proposed method outperforms the baseline in all the three downstream tasks and achieves comparable performance to the state-of-the-art.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)733 - 737
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Signal Processing Letters
Publication statusPublished - 5 Apr 2021
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Music
  • Task analysis
  • Multiple signal classification
  • Training
  • Mood
  • Metadata
  • Recommender systems
  • Neural Networks
  • Deep Neural Networks
  • Cross-modal learning

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 2


Dive into the research topics of 'Enriched Music Representations With Multiple Cross-Modal Contrastive Learning'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this