Erosion wear performance of WC-10Co4Cr and Cr3C2-25NiCr coatings sprayed with high-velocity thermal spray processes

V. Matikainen, S. Rubio Peregrina, N. Ojala, H. Koivuluoto, J. Schubert, Houdková, P. Vuoristo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

89 Citations (Scopus)


Thermally sprayed hardmetal coatings are widely used to protect components and surfaces against wear in various applications. Hard and wear resistant coatings increase the component lifetime and can generate significant savings promoting ecological manufacturing. This study focuses on the performance of tungsten carbide (WC-10Co4Cr)and chromium carbide (Cr 3 C 2 -25NiCr)based hardmetal coatings sprayed with gaseous and liquid fuelled high-velocity oxygen-fuel (HVOF)spray processes and a modern high-velocity air-fuel (HVAF)spray process. The coating characterisation revealed reduced carbide dissolution with decreasing process temperature and denser feedstock powder particles. Smaller carbide size in the Cr 3 C 2 -25NiCr material significantly reduced the carbide rebounding leading to higher carbide content in the sprayed coating and improved erosion wear resistance. Most significant improvements were observed in cavitation erosion for HVAF sprayed WC-10Co4Cr coatings (0.4 μm/h)compared to the HVOF sprayed coatings (1.5–3.7 μm/h). The cavitation erosion resistance of the HVAF sprayed coatings was almost at the level of the WC-10Co sintered bulk (0.2 μm/h).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-212
Number of pages17
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 2019
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Cavitation erosion
  • Coating
  • Hardmetal
  • Slurry erosion
  • Thermal spray

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Erosion wear performance of WC-10Co4Cr and Cr3C2-25NiCr coatings sprayed with high-velocity thermal spray processes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this