Experimental and theoretical study of the spin-spin coupling tensors in methylsilane

Jaakko Kaski, Perttu Lantto, Tapio T. Rantala, Jyrki Schroderus, Juha Vaara, Jukka Jokisaari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


The experimental and theoretical 13C-29Si spin-spin coupling tensors, 1JCsi, are reported for methylsilane, 13CH3 29SiH3. The experiments are performed by applying the liquid crystal NMR (LC NMR) method. The data obtained by dissolving CH3SiH3 in nematic phases of two LC's is analyzed by taking into account harmonic and anharmonic vibrations, internal rotation, and solvent-induced anisotropic deformation of the molecule. The necessary parameters describing the relaxation of the molecular geometry during the internal rotation, as well as the harmonic force field, are produced theoretically with semiempirical (AM1 and PM3) and ab initio (MP2) calculations. A quantum mechanical approach has been taken to treat the effects arising from internal rotation. All the J tensors are determined theoretically by ab initio MCSCF linear response calculations. The theoretical and experimental J coupling anisotropies, Δ1JCsi = -59.3 Hz and -89 ± 10 Hz, respectively, are in fair mutual agreement. These results indicate that the indirect contribution has to be taken into account when experimental 1DCsi exp couplings are to be applied to the determination of molecular geometry and orientation. The theoretically determined J tensors are found to be qualitatively similar to what was found in our previous calculations for ethane, which suggests that the indirect contributions can be partially corrected for by transferring the corresponding J tensors from a model molecule to another.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9669-9677
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Issue number48
Publication statusPublished - 2 Dec 1999
Externally publishedYes
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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