Experimental Investigations of Partially Valve-, Partially Displacement-Controlled Electrified Telehandler Implements

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The next generation of electrified heavy-duty mobile machines (HDMMs) requires more efficient hydraulic systems—to save energy and to compensate for the limited capacities of available mobile electric energy sources. This study is experimentally demonstrating the functionality, dynamic performance, and efficiency of such a more efficient but also cost-effective system. The demonstrator is a conventional nine-tonne telehandler that has been transformed by replacing the diesel engine with an electric machine (EM) and changing the boom function from valve to displacement control. Since the system control and the resulting dynamics are not trivial, key aspects of it are explained in the paper. With the functional system, achievable consumption reductions could be obtained by measuring five different representative work cycles repeatedly and comparing the average consumption values to the consumption of a purely valve-controlled but also electrified reference version. In four of five cycles, an average reduction of 21–31% was achieved, which confirms the simulation results from previous studies and the effectiveness of the concept. However, one cycle—characterized by serial movements and longer breaks of the boom movement—showed a reduction of only 3% and that the effectiveness of the concept can also be lower in certain cases that depend mainly on the operator.
Original languageEnglish
Article number50
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jan 2023
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • hydraulics
  • heavy-duty mobile machines
  • electrification
  • energy efficiency

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1


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