Fabrication Challenges in Embedding of Components and Embroidered Conductors into 3D-printed Textile Electronics Structures

Zahangir Khan, Han He, Xiaochen Chen, Leena Ukkonen, Johanna Virkki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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The challenging unobtrusive implementation of electronics structures into clothing, with low cost and high reliability, can be achieved via utilising and adapting a novel structural additive manufacturing method. Our goal is to utilize 3D-printed flexible and washable wireless platforms, where electronics, embroidered antennas and interconnections are embedded mid-printing, created directly on textiles. During the fabrication process, several challenges were encountered. The most important challenges related to the embroidery process were repeated thread breakages, thread cluster formation at the opposite side of the embroidered patter, and non-precise positioning of the thread at different embroidery rounds. Further, during 3D printing, positioning of the starting point of the printing, resulting as misaligned 3D-printed layers, was a major challenge. This paper describes in detail the challenges encountered during the fabrication process of clothing-integrated basic wireless components, passive UHF RFID tags. Despite the introduced challenges, the ready-made textile-integrated tags showed excellent wireless performance and read ranges of around 6 meters.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 PhotonIcs and Electromagnetics Research Symposium - Spring, PIERS-Spring 2019
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-3403-1
ISBN (Print)978-1-7281-3404-8
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication typeA4 Article in conference proceedings
EventPhotonIcs & Electromagnetics Research Symposium - Rome, Italy
Duration: 17 Jun 201920 Jun 2019

Publication series

NameProgress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium
ISSN (Print)1559-9450
ISSN (Electronic)1931-7360


ConferencePhotonIcs & Electromagnetics Research Symposium

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials


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