Facing Two Ways Syntactically: On the Grammar and Use of Promise and Threaten in Three Regional Varieties

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

12 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The predicates promise and threaten with a to infinitive complement can be used in two main senses, with each sense representing a different argument structure: subject control, and subject to subject raising. Recent work has shown both uses to have been available for several centuries, with the raising variant emerging later than the control. The present investigation aims to provide insight into the usage patterns of the two predicates in the Englishes of New Zealand, Britain, and North America. The former is compared to the two latter varieties to help further our understanding of the complex system of the grammar of English predicate complementation. The data is examined from quantitative and qualitative perspectives, and the results indicate not only significant variation in usage among the varieties, but also high levels of correlation in some areas. New findings emerge from the study, including on the notion of stance, offering fresh avenues of research into the nature of the complementation patterns examined and their use in three core varieties of English.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-382
Number of pages18
JournalENGLISH STUDIES
Volume104
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • New Zealand English
  • Promise
  • spin
  • subject control
  • subject to subject raising
  • threaten

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Linguistics and Language
  • Literature and Literary Theory

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Facing Two Ways Syntactically: On the Grammar and Use of Promise and Threaten in Three Regional Varieties'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this